UK Skilled Worker Visa - NEW 2021 Requirements & Guide
To apply for a tier 2 (general) visa, you
must meet the following requirements:
offer by the licensed employer
The UK employer should hire you for a
skilled job. An employer must have a license to issue a certificate of
sponsorship to the employee. Only then potential employees will able to apply
for the tier 2 visa.
of non-EEA and Switzerland
You're eligible for a tier 2 visa only if
you're not national ofmember
countries that belong to EEA (European Economic Area). Nationals of these countries have
exclusive rights to work inside the UK. After Brexit, citizens of EEA may also
require to apply for a work visa.
valid certificate of sponsorship
You must have a valid certificate of
sponsorship by the licensed employer. There are around 30,000 licensed
employers. Only they can issue a certificate of sponsorship after hiring you.Check the list of licensed
Note: Your tier 2 visa will not be processed if the employer/organization isn’t
included in the above list.
Your annual salary should be appropriate.
Well, this appropriateness is defined by the UK government, and you can't do
much about it. The currentminimum appropriate salary rate is £30,000 yearly. However, in some
cases, an appropriate salary can be higher, depending on the Standard
Occupational Classification (SOC). SOC system is developed to classify workers
by their occupations and jobs by their skill levels. To check your job
appropriate rate,visit here. Note: whichever rate is higher – it’ll be
applied. E.G., if the job appropriate rate (according to the SOC) is £35,000,
but the minimum salary rate is £30,000, your annual salary should be or (more than) £35,000. Otherwise, your tier 2 visa
application will be refused.
Another thing that you have to remember is
the number of work hours per week. If it's mentioned that 40 work hours – 5
days a week – are essential to meet the minimum salary requirement, you can't
go over that. It means you can't apply for the job that requires you to work 41
hours per week to meet the minimum threshold. E.G.According to the
requirements, you should work 40 (or less) hours in a week to earn £30,000
yearly. Now, another way around, if your job demands you to work more than 40
hours (even41 hours) per week to make £30,000 annually, your tier 2 visa
application will be rejected.
To obtain a tier 2 visa, you'll need to
prove knowledge of English. Unlike Canada and Australia, the UK is the most flexible
country. It requires CEFR level B1 in reading, writing, speaking, and
listening. Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL) is the evaluation
to determine that the applicant can communicate and understand core concepts
during the conversation in a specific language. One of the easiest ways to
prove knowledge of English is IELTS. If you score 4.0 to 5.0 band, it's equal
to B1. Guess what? If you're reading this article fluently, cutting a 4.0 to
5.0 band would be a no-brainer for you. Note: There are exceptions to prove
your language ability if you belong to particular countries (where English is
the native language). Also, there are some other ways to demonstrate language
ability. For instance, if your academic qualification is in English and it is equal
to the UK bachelor's degree, master's degree, or Ph.D., you might not need to
take the English language test.
Watch out for your bank balance because
you'll need to have a minimum balance of £945. The amount equivalent to £945
should remain in your bank account over the period of the last 90 days. This
requirement is necessary to prove you have enough personal savings. If you have
an A-rated sponsor, who will provide you the £945, you don’t need to disclose your
available funds. To validate A-rated sponsorship, your sponsor will mention it clearly
on your certificate of sponsorship. If you’re moving along with your family,
you’ll need to show £630 for each member of your family in addition to your
£945. This amount can be in your bank account or the member’s bank account. E.G.,
if you're applying for a tier 2 visa along with your partner, you must have
savings equal to £1575 (945+630=1575) during the previous 90 days.
You'll also provide your travel history
for the past five years. Your travel history will show you can travel to the UK
without any problem.
You have to show your tuberculosis test
results for the tier 2 visa if you’re from listed countries.See the list of these countries
If your occupation or job is included in
the education, health care, therapy, or social service sectors, you will also
submit your criminal record certificate. It's mandatory for these sectors.See the full list of occupations
that require you to submit a certificate.
Once you meet all these requirements,
you'll start your visa application. However, before that, you'll scan all the
Here you need to prepare the relevant
documents according to the following checklist.
Checklist: Required documents for tier 2 visa
Based on the above requirements, you need
to keep your documents ready. You'll need the following documents during the
tier 2 visa application process:
A valid certificate of sponsorship
Once you're done with
your job interview and hiring process, you'll ask the employer to provide you
the sponsorship certificate. It'll be an electronic record - keeping details
about you and the job. While filling your application, you’ll add the reference
number and other information mentioned in the certificate.
certificate of sponsorship is only valid for three months since its issuance
the employer is offering A-rated sponsorship, it should be clearly mentioned in
Knowledge of English
You must have your IELTS
results in hands while filling out the details. To find an IELTS test center in
your country or city,visit here.
on your location, the IELTS fee vary. You'll pay accordingly.
should score a 4.0 band minimum (equivalent to B1). It's essential for a tier 2
IELTS score will be valid for two years. Make sure you took your test in the
last two years when applying for a tier 2 visa.
You'll need your
financial record for the last 90 days. This financial record can be your bank
or building society statement or letter that verifies you’ve got sufficient
shouldn’t decrease from the minimum threshold (£945) at any point in time in
the last 90 days. The amount can be in your local currency equivalent to the £ exchange
members can come with you if they've applied for a visa as well. They'll be
your 'dependents’. For each member, you’ll need a bank statement confirming you
have an additional £630 along with your own £945. This amount can be either in
your bank account or the member’s bank account.
your savings isn't mandatory if your employer provides you A-rated sponsorship.
In this case, your employer will support you by offering £945.
Current and expired passports
To show traveling
history, you'll need the expired and existing passports. Plus, you need a blank
page in your existing passport to get a visa on it.
you have no travel history, it won’t be the issue.
sure your passport expiry date isn't near (a minimum of six months are
preferable). Although this isn't a requirement, however, it's highly
recommended to avoid any objection.
Tuberculosis test results
You need to have a T.B. test at the clinic
that's been approved by the home office. If there is no approved clinic in your
country, you must travel to the neighboring country to get yourself tested.
tuberculosis test isn’t necessary for everyone. It’s mandatory for the listed
countries.Click here to check whether your country is included
visiting the above link, you'll able to find out where you can get yourself
tested. While filling the tier 2 visa application, you'll require your T.B.
Criminal certificate record
A criminal certificate record isn't needed
for everyone. It's required to work or have a job in the following sectors:
Education, health care, therapy, and social services.
you work or have a job outside of these sectors, you don't need a criminal
you’re not sure, you can verify whether you need this certificate or not byvisiting here. Here you find all the job titles which
are included in the aforementioned sectors.
need a criminal record certificate from the countries where you've lived for 12
months or more in the past ten years.
Translation of non-English
Documents that aren’t in
English or Welsh will need to be translated. You’ll submit both the documents –
original and translated. If all your documents are in English, then you're good
translation must contain the following confirmations by the translator: Date of
translation, guarantee that the translation is accurate, translator's details
including name, contact, and signature.
can find the certified translators in your country byvisiting
here. The UK
government's official site
recommends these translators.
This document checklist
you need to have in your hands to start the tier 2 visa application. As soon as
you complete these documents, you'll log in and begin the visa application
procedure right away. If you find it hard to get a specific document, reread the
checklist. All the details are provided with each required document.
Once you meet these requirements, the next
step is to take action. You'll start the application process before three
months of your joining at work. The application process will take three weeks for
straight forward cases. Subsequently, you can land in the UK before 14 days of
your joining day. Tier 2 visa will remain valid five years and 14 days, or
sponsored period + 1-month. E.G., if your employer has offered a certificate of
sponsorship of 2-years, your tier 2 visa will expire after 2-year + 1-month (25-months
Next is to initiate the online visa
process. Let's figure out how to apply for a tier 2 visa.
Tier 2 visa – How to apply
There are primarily two phases of applying
for a tier 2 visa. First is an online application, and the second is Submission
at the Visa Application Centre (VAC) with supporting documents.
Upon completing all documents, you'll
initiate theonline tier 2 visa process. It's a straight forward process and
Fill up the application:
and travel information
details and travel history
about the family
section is a preview; read carefully all the information you provided
through the terms and conditions
electronically by typing your name
declaration process is completed
Biometric residence permits (BRP)
the place or post office where you can collect your BRP
you apply from inside the UK, your BRP will arrive by courier
you apply from outside the UK, you'll collect your BRP as soon as you land in
the UK (within ten days max)
will be sent to the post office you selected
while filling the online visa application (you’ll go there to pick it up)
Visit the visa application center:
online application, Embassy will book an appointment for you at the visa
Click here to find out your nearest
visa application center
your visit to the visa application center, you'll have a digital photo taken of
your fingers on the glass screen to be scanned
fee varies for each country, and you can get the biometric done on an urgent
basis by paying a higher cost
have to collect your BRP within ten days as soon as you arrive in the UK
getting BRP, you'll get a vignette sticker on your passport so that you can travel
to the UK
That's it. This is the
whole procedure to get a tier 2 visa successfully. You'll receive your visa
confirmation within three weeks after your visit to the visa application
center. If for any reason, your visa application is refused, you'll have a
right to appeal. In this case, you should seek a professional consultant's
assistance to get through the process.
Frequently asked questions
I change my job?
Yes, you can. However,
you need to get another certificate of sponsorship from your new employer and
repeat the whole procedure.
the tier 2 shortage occupation list?
Shortage occupations mean
that the workers with specific skills are highly encouraged to come to the UK
and serve the job market. There is a lack of skilled workers in specific fields.
These fields are included in the shortage list. UK government updates the
shortage occupation list regularly. The minimum salary requirement isn't mandatory
for the workers who apply for the jobs included in the shortage list. You can
go through theshortage list here.
I do a part-time job as well?
Yes, you can do two jobs
together until your secondary job isn't impacting your primary job. Your
employer can object if the part-time work is minimizing your performance.
Plus, your part-time work
hours shouldn’t exceed more than 20 hours per week. Additionally, the work
hours should not clash with your primary job.
the Resident Labour Market Test?
Also known as RLMT, this
is a mandatory requirement for employers. Employers have to advertise the job
inside the UK for at least 28 days as per the rules. Otherwise, they can't hire
an employee who is not a member of countries that belong to EEA.
Once they get no
satisfactory application, then they can look at the non-EEA applications and
hire the non-EEA nationals.
does RLMT impact me?
If the certified employer
hires you, he/she understands this already. There is nothing much on your part.
Also, RLMT doesn’t apply to the jobs included in the shortage list. If you’re
applying for the jobs considering the shortage list, you’re in clear.
the fee for a tier 2 visa?
Fee depends on the
various factors. You can always check the payment according to your country and
job byvisiting the official site. If your job is on the shortage list,
you'll have to pay less.
don’t have maintenance funds (£945). Is there a way for me?
Yes, you can request your
employer to provide you A-rated certificate of sponsorship. As a result, your
employer will support you, and you don't need personal savings to show. Your
employer (if he/she wishes) can offer you the A-rated certificate of
sponsorship for your family members as well. This way, you don't have to
demonstrate £630 for each member.
long can I stay on a tier 2 visa?
You can renew, change
your employer, and live on a tier 2 visa at any time. In one go, your tier 2
visa will remain valid for five years and 14 days or the period mentioned on
your certificate of sponsorship. You will require to renew your passport after
that. And the maximum limit is six years to stay inside the UK on the tier 2
visa. You can apply for a permanent resident card afterward.